Reviving Local Fisheries
Hong Kong was once a thriving fishing village with abundant fish stocks. Unfortunately over the years, fisheries have declined drastically due to overfishing, unsustainable fishing practices and inadequate regulations.
Some positive actions have been taken in an attempt to recover local fish stocks including a trawling ban, a registration scheme for local fishing vessels, and a proposal to establish Fisheries Protection Area.
But to tackle the root of the problem, Hong Kong needs to manage our fisheries better through a holistic approach.
WWF is advocating for a sustainable fisheries management plan. To achieve this, we need to:
- Build a fisheries data bank in Hong Kong that includes information about the conservation status of pelagic and demersal fish species, as well as invertebrate species
- Monitor fisheries regularly, and carry out stock assessments for species of conservation concern
- Study the impacts of different fishing gears on fish and invertebrate, and biodiversity including vulnerable species
- Study the impact of recreational fishing (i.e. hook and line fishery, and spearfishing) and illegal fishing
However, this prediction is made based on the strong assumption that the fishery resources of Hong Kong would be managed effectively after the implementation of respective measures. WWF is trying to bridge the information gap with our research effort, so we can help formulate best-practice sustainable fisheries management in Hong Kong.
In the long run, Hong Kong should also strive to meet the sustainable fisheries standards of Marine Stewardship Council (MSC).