African Rangers | WWF Hong Kong

African Rangers

	© WWF-Hong Kong
© WWF-Hong Kong

On 6 June 2017, the Legislative Council consulted the public on a proposal to phase out the local trade in ivory. Frontline rangers, who risk their lives protecting wildlife, travelled from Africa to join WWF to urge Hong Kong legislators to ban the ivory trade as soon as possible. 

Hong Kong is the largest ivory city market in the world, and is contributing to illegal poaching in Africa. This is threatening the survival of African elephants, as well as putting the lives of the rangers in grave danger. Erik Mararv, a frontline ranger revealed the cruel facts behind the illegal ivory trade – last year, a group of heavily armed poachers lured and ambushed the rangers with a freshly poached elephant carcass. Erik was shot through the leg, and another ranger was shot through the arm. Three other rangers by his side were tragically killed.
Former wildlife crime investigator Josias Mungabwa, brought to light the extent of Hong Kong’s involvement in the global syndicates running the illegal ivory trade. Every year, more than 20,000 elephants are killed for their tusks and over 100 rangers are killed in the line of duty protecting wildlife.
The Hard Truth

WWF’s Letter to Legislative Council

© WWF-Hong Kong © WWF-Hong Kong © WWF-Hong Kong © WWF-Hong Kong © WWF-Hong Kong
The bloody experience of two frontline African rangers
Phase out the local trade in ivory” public hearing at Legislative Council


	© Erik Mararv
© Erik Mararv
Erik Mararv,
Manager of Garamba National Park, managed by African Parks, in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Aged 31, a Swedish national but a third generation African, Erik Mararv was born in the Central African Republic, where his parents were working at the time. For much of the last decade, Mararv managed a remote camp in the southeastern Central African Republic. In May of 2015, he moved to Garamba, one of the world’s last wild places.

Garamba, situated in a lawless region of northern DRC, shares over 200 km of border with South Sudan. The area is subject to raids by the Janjaweed from Darfur, army units and militias from both Sudan and South Sudan, and followers of Joseph Kony’s Lord’s Resistance Army.

Poachers in Garamba primarily target elephants for their ivory, and are often heavily armed using professional techniques. Many of these groups have been involved in numerous central African conflicts and have carried out atrocities against civilians. 
	© Josias Mungabwa
© Josias Mungabwa
Josias Mungabwa,
Former-Wildlife Crime Investigator with the Zambian Wildlife Authority (ZAWA) Investigations and Intelligence Unit
Aged 49, a Zambian national, Josias Mungabwa is a highly trained wildlife crime investigations specialist with almost 3 decades of experience.
Over the years, Josias has honed his skills as a law enforcement officer and conservationist. He has acquired a wealth of knowledge, including intelligence and investigations, forensics, evidence collection and DNA sampling guidelines for wildlife and domestic animals.
In 1989, he joined the then National Parks and Wildlife Service as a Wildlife Scout in the Kafue National Park, Zambia’s largest protected area. In 1994, he graduated as a Wildlife Police Officer, and then served as a Ranger at the South Luangwa National Park.
In 2004, he oversaw anti-poaching operations for the Lower Zambezi National Park. Subsequently, he was promoted to Senior Investigations Officer at the Zambia Wildlife Authority headquarters. In 2016, he joined the Wildlife Crime Prevention Project to continue his work in conservation and investigations.
He has a Degree in Law from the Zambian Open University.