Indian Tigers
© Martin Harvey / WWF


The largest of all cats, the tiger (Panthera tigris spp.) is one of the world’s most admired and charismatic species – but it is also one of the most threatened. Tiger is an umbrella species in the landscape conservation and plays a very important role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem. Only about 3,890 remain in the wild, most in isolated pockets spread across increasingly fragmented forests stretching from India to South-eastern China and from the Russian Far East to Sumatra, Indonesia.

The wild tiger population is at a tipping point and experiencing a range collapse globally, occupying 40% less habitat than was estimated just one decade ago, and now limited to just 7% of their historic range.

The unprecedented threats of habitat fragmentation, degradation and loss, poaching, and illegal trade in tiger parts call for an unprecedented response at a global action. Now tigers are ranging in 13 tiger conservation landscape (TCLs) over 11 tiger ranged countries.


© WWF - Hong Kong
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To be a “Tiger Protector” now!

Threats & Action

Tigers are facing a global epidemic of habitat loss, poaching and illegal trade, fuelled by absence of political resolve by range states to adequately tackle these threats.

Tiger numbers have dropped dramatically across their entire range in Asia, and China is no exception. Historically, Amur tigers roamed across Northeast China, the Korean peninsula, and the Russian Far East. By the 1940s, hunting had driven the Amur tiger to the brink of extinction – with no more than 40 individuals remaining in the wild. Thanks to conservation efforts, Amur tigers recently recovered to around 540 individuals in the transboundary region. In Northeast China, the most recent surveys indicate there are now around 27 Amur tigers remaining, a hopeful sign as the population is found to be breeding. 

With successful lobbying experiences to India on tiger conservation, WWF has developed new transformative strategies for a Tiger Network Initiative to commit the sustained efforts and resources needed to effect change on a local-to-global scale and push for increased and sustained commitment by range state governments to tackle the above issues. Actions will be bolstered by regional scale illegal trade issues through positively engaging the global drivers of tiger habitat destruction.

Following the Kathmandu Global Tiger Workshop 2009, WWF's goal is to double the number of tigers in the wild by 2022, the next Year of the Tiger.

To support WWF's conservation work to reduce threats to species such as habitat loss and preserve our ecosystem, you may now get your symbolic animal adoption as a meaningful and unique gift for friends and families.